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Venous Disease Treatment

What is vein disease and what causes it?

Veins are the thin-walled hollow structures that keep blood flowing in the body back to the heart. The veins located close to the skins surface are called superficial veins and the veins found deeper in the muscles of the arms and legs are called deep veins. When a vein is damaged and hinders circulation allowing blood to collect or flow backward it will create unusually high pressure buildup within the vein and over time will lead to various disorders called venous disease.

Although venous disease is quite common and do not generally pose a great health risk, some can be more serious and even life-threatening therefore they will need treatment.

Types of Venous Disease

  • Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a condition where the valves in your veins don't work, causing pooling of blood typically in your legs. This condition puts increase pressure on the walls of the veins. It can be hereditary or due to destruction of the value after a deep vin thrombosis or blood clot.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a much more serious venous issue because they are found deeper below the skins serious and have less noticeable symptoms and also carry the risk of pulmonary embolism. This happens when a blood clot detaches from the place of origin in the extremity and travels to the lungs or blood flow is impaired resulting in swelling, bruising or dermatitis.
  • Blood clotting
  • Superficial venous thrombosis (phlebitis) is the inflammation of a vein typically found in an extremity that forms in response to a blood clot in that vessel. Because these are found near the surface of the skin it is most commonly identifed by a tender, red vein.
  • Varicose and spider veins are twisted, swollen veins near the surface of the skin caused by weak or defective valves. These veins allow blood to flow backward or pool within the vein. While they generally do not pose a serious health threat, they are often treated or eliminated for cosmetic reasons or due to discomfort.

How do we treat venous disease?

  • Medication
  • Minimally Invasive Procedures
  • Surgery